【四川成人高考】专升本复习资料英语--精讲讲义3-字母和字母组合发音

作者:成都专升本学校  时间:2019-08-01  浏览:59

第二节字母和字母组合发音规则

拼读规则(教材外补充内容)

一)元音字母的读音规则

1. 重读开音节

字母

a

e

i (y)

o

u

重读开音节

[ ei ]

[i:]

[ai]

[əu]

[ju:] [u:]

例词

same, name

take, age

we, these

she, he,

white, my

by, kite, fly

no, those,

go, home

use, tube

rule, blue

例外:give, come, gone, ate, done, move, prove,

2.重读闭音节——重点、难点

字母

a

e

i (y)

o

u

重读闭音节

[æ]

[e ]

[ i ]

[ɔ]

[u][ʌ]

例词

cap, bag

map, mad

desk, let

net, pet, yet

pig, it, gym

hit, is, swim

shop, clock

lot, hot, not

duck, cup

put, push

例外:many, any, comb, tomb, climb,

3.非重读音节

字母

a

e

i (y)

o

u

非重读音节

[ə] [i]

[ə] [i]

[i]

[ə]

[ə]

例词

again, China

palace, comrade

open, student

repeat, before

city, office

second, produce

suggest

difficult

例外:hello,

4. 元音字母 + r 的读音规则

r音节

重读

例 词

非重读

例 词

ar

[a:]

car, park, large, mark

[ə]

calendar

er

ir

ur

[ə:]

serve, verb, herb

shirt, skirt, circle, bird

nurse, turn, murder

driver

murmur

or

[ɔ:]

for, horse, north

work, world, word

doctor

actor

5.re重读音节的读法

Re音节

读音

例 词

are

[εə]

care dare

ere

[iə]

[εə]

mere here

there where

ire

[aiə]

fire hire

ore

[ɔ:]

more store

ure

[uə]

[juə]

sure

cure pure

6.元音字母组合的读音规则(重读)

字母组合

重读

例 词

ai

[ei]

wait, fail

ay

may day play stay

au

[ɔ:]

cause fault

aw

law, saw

air

[εə]

hair chair

ea

[e]

head dead breakfast

[i:]

meat please

ee

meet bee flee

ear

[iə]

hear dear

eer

beer cheer

ew

[u:]

drew flew

oa

[əu]

coat, road, boat, load

oe

[i:]

phoenix

oi

[ɔi]

boil, voice

oy

boy joy

oo

[u:]

moon school

ou

[au]

house loud

ow

now how

[əu]

show snow know

oor

[ɔ:]

door floor

oar

roar board

our

four course

[auə]

sour flour

owe

towel vowel

ower

power flower

ia

[aiə]

bias dialogue

ie

quiet science

io

riot violence lion

ui

[u:] [ju:]

[i]

suit fruit biscuit circuit build juice

例外:piece [pi:s]

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